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In time with the development of multimedia technology, people dependent on multimedia technology becomes more and more obvious. Therefore, three mainstream multimedia tools (TPACK, SAMR, SECTIONS) have now been formed. In this post, I want to talk about the differences between TPACK, SAMR and SECTIONS.

  • What is TPACK and how it works?

TPACK model was created by Punya Mishra and Matthew J. Koehler. This method stands for Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge. It is a theory that was developed to explain the set of knowledge that teachers need to teach their students a subject, teach effectively, and use technology. When using TPACK for instructional design, teachers or designers need to consider their knowledge levels in three aspects, and then integrate them into the same teaching activity. For example, in designing an English knowledge debate competition, teachers need to consider their own knowledge in debate, English and thinking training. So in my opinion, I think in this model, “technology” is not the main point of view, but is considered by users in parallel with pedagogy and content.

  • What is SAMR and how it works?

The SAMR Model is a framework created by Dr. Ruben Puentedura. The SAMR model consists of four steps: Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, and Redefinition. The SAMR model is especially powerful during distance and blended learning, because integrated classroom technology makes teachers and students feel more better experience in teaching and learning. After when I leared the SAMR model, I think it takes “technology” as the main perspective to consider how to help the integration of technology and teaching.

  • What is SECTIONS and how it works?

The SECTIONS Model is an applicable framework that educators can use to evaluate the effectiveness of applying a certain technology in their classrooms. Based on the handout provided by UBC Wiki, the process of using SECTIONS can be summarized as: Define, Assess, Implement and Refine. The SECTIONS model provides a set of criteria or questions the result of which can help inform an instructor when making decisions about which media or technologies to use. In my own opinion, I think the SECTIONS model can be combined with the above two models to formulate a standard for different teaching environments, to help teachers and students adapt to the learning style.

Overall, by watching this video, I think I can better understand the difference between them, and I think that using these three models together will make multimedia evaluation become more effective.


McGraw Hill Canada | what is tpack theory and how can … – (n.d.). Retrieved June 15, 2022, from

SAMR Model: A Practical Guide for K-12 Classroom Technology Integration. (n.d.). Retrieved June 15, 2022, from

Sections model – assessing technologies in the classroom. Teacher Education. (n.d.). Retrieved June 15, 2022, from

Sections Framework – University of british columbia. (n.d.). Retrieved June 15, 2022, from